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合肥北城中学高二年级在线测试英语试题

(分值:60分     时间:50分钟) 

第一部分 阅读理解(共30分,每题2分) 

                                                                                      A 

    From the modern London Eye to the historic Tower of London, below are London's most visited tourist attractions. 

    British Museum 

    The world­-famous British Museum exhibits the works of man from prehistoric to modern times, from around the world. The most interesting and exciting parts include the Rosetta Stone, the Parthenon sculptures and the mummies in the Ancient Egypt collections. Some exhibitions require tickets.

    The National Gallery

    The greatest and most beautiful building of Trafalgar Square, London's National Gallery is a vast space filled with Western European paintings from the 13th to the 19th centuries. In this impressive art gallery you can find works by masters such as Vincent Willem van Gogh, Botticelli, Constable, Renoir, Titian and Stubbs. Some exhibitions require tickets.

    Tate Modern

    Sitting on the banks of the Thames is Tate Modern, Britain's national museum of modern and contemporary art. Its unique shape is due to its being a power station before. The gallery's restaurants offer wonderful views across the city. Some exhibitions require tickets.

    Coca-­Cola London Eye

    Coca­-Cola London Eye is a major feature of London's skyline. It has some of London's best views from its 32 capsules, each weighing 10 tonnes and holding up to 25 people. Climb aboard for a breathtaking experience, with an unforgettable view of more than 55 of London's most famous landmarks—all in just 30 minutes!

Madame Tussaud's

    At Madame Tussaud's, you'll come face to face with some of the world's most famous faces. From Shakespeare to Lady Gaga you'll meet influential figures from show business, sport, politics and even royalty. Strike a pose with Usain Bolt, get close to One Direction or receive a once-­in­-a-lifetime audience with Her Majesty the Queen.

Q1:Which one should they visit if visitors want to get a better view of Londons famous landmarks?
A.Tate Modern.
B.British Museum.
C.The National Gallery.
D.Coca­-Cola London Eye.
Q2:What do British Museum and the National Gallery have in common?
A.Both have chargeable exhibitions.
B.Both are on the banks of the Thames.
C.Both have vast spaces and special shapes.
D.Both exhibit modern and contemporary art.
Q3:What can visitors do at Madame Tussauds?
A.Enjoy Shakespeares works.
B.Watch Lady Gagas performance.
C.See figures of many influential people.
D.Talk to some famous people face to face.
: B Nowadays there is less and less contact between the old and the young. There are many reasons for this, but the result is the same:increasing numbers of children without grandparents and old people who have no contact with children, and more old people who are lonely and feel useless, along with more and more families with young children who desperately need more support. Its a major problem in many societies. Thats why intergenerational programmes, designed to bring the old and the young together, are growing in popularity all over the world, supported by UNESCO and other local and international organisations. There are examples of successful initiatives all over the world. Using young people to teach IT skills to older people is one obvious example. Using old people as volunteer assistants in schools is another, perhaps reading with children who need extra attention. One successful scheme in France is combining a residential home for the elderly with a creche/nursery school in the same building. The children and the residents eat lunch together and share activities such as music, painting, gardening and caring for the pets which the residents are encouraged to keep. In the afternoons, the residents enjoy reading or telling stories to the children and, if a child is feeling sad or tired, there is always a kind lap to sit on and a cuddle(拥抱). There are trips out and birthday parties too. The advantages are enormous for everyone concerned. The children are happy because they get a lot more individual attention and respond well because someone has time for them. They also learn that old people are not different or frightening in any way. And of course, they see illness and death and learn to accept them. The residents are happy because they feel useful and needed. They are more active and more interested in life when the children are around and they take more interest in their appearance too. And the staff are happy because they see an improvement in the physical and psychological health of the residents and have an army of assistants to help with the children.
Q4:What is the social problem talked about in Paragraph 1?
A.A generation gap.
B.Caring for children.
C.Intergenerational contact.
D.The support for the aged.
Q5:What do the programmes mentioned in Paragraph 2 aim to do?
A.Make the old take care of children.
B.Help the old people learn new things.
C.Encourage the young to care for the old.
D.Increase contact between the old and the young.
Q6:What is special about the scheme in France?
A.Combining a residential home for the elderly with a kindergarten.
B.Hiring old people as child care workers.
C.Helping children face misfortunes bravely.
D.Using children to accompany the old.
Q7:In which aspect does the scheme benefit the old?
A.It builds up their strength.
B.They live a healthier life.
C.It creates a family atmosphere.
D.They are close to their relatives.
: C Its easy to think that the globes vast oceans would be effective barriers to the movement of land animals. An elephant cant swim across the Pacific, after all. But it turns out that plenty of plants and animals have unintentionally floated across oceans from one continent to another. Now comes evidence that tiny trapdoor spiders(活板门蛛) made such a journey millions of years ago. Moggridgea rainbowi spiders can be found on Kangaroo Island, which sits off the south coast of Australia.“These spiders build a silk-­lined burrow(洞穴) in the ground,” noted Sophie Harrison, a biologist in Australia. The burrow and the trapdoor provide these spiders with shelter and protection. They also offer them an out-­of-­sight spot from which they can wait for approaching prey(猎物). There is evidence, though, that the ancestors of them might have traveled millions of meters to get to Australia from Africa. That isnt as unlikely as it might at first seem. Australia used to be connected to other continents, long ago, as part of a supercontinent called Gondwana. And humans have been known to transport species(物种) all over the planet. But theres a third option. The spiders might have rafted(乘筏) long distances across the sea. To figure out which story was most likely true, Harrison and her colleagues looked at the spiders genes. They looked at the genes in seven Moggridgea rainbowi spiders from Kangaroo Island, and five species of Moggridgea rainbowi spiders from South Africa. The Australian and African spiders split off from a common ancestor some 2 million to 16 million years ago, the genes showed. If a large swatch(块) of land washes into the sea, filled with arachnids(蛛形纲动物), the spiders may be able to hide themselves throughout the journey. Plus, they can “hold their breath” and survive on stored oxygen during periods of temporary flooding, the researchers note.
Q8:What is the common belief about land animals according to the text?
A.They are sensitive to natural disasters.
B.They are unlikely to move across oceans.
C.They cant make a long ocean voyage.
D.They float across oceans accidentally.
Q9:What does the underlined word “them” in Paragraph 3 refer to?
A.The biologists.
B.The Australians.
C.The spiders.
D.The prey.
Q10:How did the researchers conclude Australian and African spiders are from a common ancestor?
A.By comparing their genes.
B.By observing their living habits.
C.By making changes to their genes.
D.By studying their physical characteristics.
Q11:What could be the best title for the text?
A.These Spiders Traveled Globally to Hide Themselves
B.These Spiders Became More Adaptive When Traveling
C.These Spiders Crossed an Ocean to Australia for Survival
D.These Spiders Crossed an Ocean to Become Australian Spiders
: D My friend Jennifer was going to be at my school! I was convinced that we would be best friends. She introduced me to her friend Amy and we had lots of fun together. But things started to change. Jennifer wanted to be the “leader” of our little group. She was controlling, and I couldnt make new friends. If I made new friends, she would decide that I was “mad at her”. Pretty soon being Jennifers friend was a struggle. I always waited for Jennifer and Amy after class, but sometimes when they left, theyd walk right past me as if they couldnt even see me. We often gossiped about people, and I soon realized that nobody was good enough for Jennifer. She had a list of bad things about everybody, even Amy, and about me, I guessed. I changed—I became moody, depressed, and lonely. I spent days trying not to cry. I felt so left out. Finally, something snapped. I was sick of having to battle for friendship. I stopped sitting with Jennifer at lunch and waiting for her after class. Jennifer quickly announced I was “mad at her”. I said, “Im not mad. I just want to make more friends.” But to Jennifer, it was all or nothing, and she was convinced I was mad at her. Our friendship fell to pieces. It was tough at first, but I found many girls whom Jennifer had classified as“moody” or “mean” to be the sweetest, friendliest people in the world. Now, I have tons of friends. They support me when I am sad, and I support them. We have fun together and I love them all. It amazes me how easy our friendship is. There is no struggling to be on top—we are all equal. It doesnt matter to me if two of them walk away or buy friendship necklaces together. It doesnt hurt my feelings or make me feel lonely. I lost a friend, but I am a happier person now.
Q12:The writer thought Jennifer ________.
A.far too outstanding to match
B.rather annoying and dull
C.too self­-centered
D.the right one to make friends with
Q13:What does the underlined phrase “something snapped” in Paragraph 4 mean?
A.The writer and Jennifer hated each other.
B.The writer and Jennifer broke up.
C.Jennifer treated the writer worse.
D.The writer felt mad about losing Jennifer.
Q14:The writer decided to break up with Jennifer because ________.
A.Jennifer spoke ill of her behind her back
B.she had made other friends
C.Jennifer had hurt her feelings
D.other girls were sweeter and friendlier than Jennifer
Q15:What can be inferred from the passage?
A.The writer now regrets losing her friend Jennifer.
B.The writer still gets upset when left out occasionally.
C.The writers new friends are all moody and mean.
D.The writer enjoys more than just one friendship.
:第二部分 完形填空(共30分,每题1.5分) At the age of nine, I was taking swimming lessons at a pool. The day had arrived when I was to be tested to see if I could __16__ to a higher level class. Fifteen of us were to __17__ swimming from one side of the pool to the other and back. I watched as my __18__, one by one, tried and failed. Then it was my turn to __19__, I mean, my turn to attempt to pass the test. I was about halfway when I got __20__. I immediately stopped and __21__ the side of the pool, ending my test. Our instructor, a college student, was standing __22__ me. “Why did you stop?” he yelled, in a less-­than __23__ voice. “I got water in my nose,” I __24__. Thats when this college student __25__ me one of lifes great lessons,__26__ he probably never realized that. Bending down, he shouted, “So?” “So?” The __27__ shocked me. It had just seemed __28__ to me that the answer to pain was to remove the thing causing the __29__. My nine-­year-­old brain had not understood the fact that a valuable __30__ is worth achieving, however difficult to get there. Recognizing that, I was __31__ nothing would keep me from completing the test. In fact, I did it rather __32__ on my next attempt. Seeing me __33__ the test, almost all the others did so as well. Life is a journey, and the road wont __34__ be easy. We have to focus on the final destination, not the __35__ along the road.
Q16:16.
A. skip
B.refer
C.advance
D.add
Q17:17.
A. take turns
B.insist on
C.take risks
D.put off
Q18:18.
A. competitors
B.classmates
C.students
D.instructors
Q19:19.
A. show
B.leave
C.fail
D.observe
Q20:20.
A. injured
B.blamed
C.trapped
D.choked
Q21:21.
A. pushed
B.pressed
C.grabbed
D.controlled
Q22:22.
A. above
B.below
C.beside
D.beyond
Q23:23.
A. surprised
B.sympathetic
C.annoyed
D.cold
Q24:24.
A. explained
B.reacted
C.declined
D.urged
Q25:25.
A. delivered
B.owed
C.taught
D.promised
Q26:26.
A.so that
B.as if
C.in case
D.even if
Q27:27.
A. problem
B.excuse
C.question
D.voice
Q28:28.
A. logical
B.illegal
C.ridiculous
D.impossible
Q29:29.
A. disaster
B.discomfort
C.damage
D.fear
Q30:30.
A. result
B.advantage
C.goal
D.task
Q31:31.
A. concerned
B.sensitive
C.embarrassed
D.sure
Q32:32.
A. slowly
B.easily
C.clumsily
D.eagerly
Q33:33.
A. attend
B.take
C.give
D.pass
Q34:34.
A. always
B.sometimes
C.ever
D.seldom
Q35:35.
A. sights
B.barriers
C.surprises
D.harvests
Q36:姓名
    ____________
Q37:班级
    ____________
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