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阅读训练:吃早餐真的有那么重要吗?

有人认为早餐是一天中最重要的一顿饭,但它可能并不是你需要认真考虑的唯一一餐。本期 “随身英语” 讨论早餐的重要性。(文章内容选自BBC随身英语)
 
Is breakfast really so important? 吃早餐真的有那么重要吗?【词汇:diet 日常饮食】
:Is breakfast really so important?Have you ever heard someone say, “breakfast is the most important meal of the day”, or give you advice about why it’svitalto start the day with a healthy breakfast? It seems that thisfeast, for many of us, is necessary for our day to start well, but is it really that important?The word ‘breakfast’ comes from ‘breaking thefast’ – the idea of ending the period in which we didn’t eat during the night. Theregenerationprocess that takes place while we sleepconsumessome of our naturalfoodreservesto heal our bodies. Breakfast gives us an opportunity toreplenishthosedepletedstores of things likeproteinandcalcium. So, in that way, a healthy breakfast makes sense.There are also many often-quoted studies which seem tocorrelatea state of obesity withskippingbreakfast. In fact, it leads many health experts to advise a healthy breakfast to not onlyregulatebut also lose weight. In a US study, 50,000 people were monitored over seven years, and those who ate a healthy breakfast were found to have a lowerBMI, which seems to suggest that breakfast may indeed help people maintain a healthy weight.But it might not be as simple as that. Some experts, like Alexandra Johnstone, professor ofappetiteresearch at the University of Aberdeen, suggest those who skip breakfast might be less aware of healthy diets and nutrition, and people who eat breakfast might have a healthier lifestyle overall – exercising and not smoking, for example. And with the rise in popularity ofintermittentfasting to lose weight – there may also be some benefits to skipping breakfast. Intermittent fasting can improve blood sugar control,insulinsensitivity, and lowerblood pressure.So, while breakfast has its benefits, it might not be the most important meal. It seems that a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet might be more important for many of us than just one single meal.
:词汇表vital 极其重要的feast 大餐fast 禁食期regeneration 再生consume 消耗food reserves 食物储备replenish 补充,补足depleted 耗尽的,枯竭的protein 蛋白质calcium 钙correlate 和…相关skip 略过(这里指 “不吃”)regulate 控制,调节BMI (body mass index) 身体质量指数appetite 食欲intermittent 间歇性insulin 胰岛素blood pressure 血压
Q1:1、阅读课文并回答问题。
1) Which idea does the word ‘breakfast’ come from?    ____________
2) What nutritional stores does breakfast replenish?    ____________
3) What did a US study of 50,000 people find in people who ate a healthy breakfast?    ____________
4)What does Alexandra Johnstone suggest about people who skip breakfast?    ____________
5)What are the results of intermittent fasting?    ____________
:2、选择意思恰当的单词或词组来完成下列句子。
Q2:I’m not hungry – I don’t have an _______.
appetite
fast
replenish
regulate
Q3:I’m so tired! I need to sleep to _______my energy levels!
fast
replenish
insulin
regulate
Q4:You shouldn’t _______ class. The next lesson is important!
replenish
fast
skip
appetite
Q5:I’ve decided to _______ to help me lose weight.
insulin
fast
skipping
replenish
Q6:Have you tried exercise to _______ your blood pressure levels?
fast
replenish
regulate
BMI
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