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阅读训练:树木的智慧

想成为一棵树,度过一棵树的一生;科学已经证明,树木之间也能相互交流。(文章内容选自BBC随身英语)
 
【Clever trees 树木的智慧 词汇: nature 大自然】
:Clever treesThere’s nothing better than a walk in the countryside for lifting our spirits. Connecting with nature has been proven to help our mental health. For some, the best tonic is to stroll through a forest, but as we admire the trees that surround us, it’s worth knowing these trees are doing more than just being nice things to look at.We’re already aware of the healing properties of trees – they produce oxygen and clean the air we breathe by absorbing about a quarter of all human-caused carbon dioxide emissions. Deforestation isn’t helping with this which is why so many people want to save them. But there’s more to these impressive forms of vegetation than we might think. Researchers have discovered evidence that proves they are actually intelligent.It’s thought that trees talk and share resources right under our feet, using a fungal network. Under the ground are tree roots, and mingling among them, along with bacteria, are thousands of superfine threads of fungi, known as hyphae. And research has shown that they are all interconnected. They can help each other by sharing nutrients, and they can even warn of approaching threats. Scientists say it’s like the trees are talking to one another.Ecologist Suzanne Simard has called this network the Wood Wide Web. She discovered that parent trees use this network to help their offspring. Speaking to the BBC, she said: “We found that the parent trees would favour those seedlings that were of their own kin versus the strangers” by sending them more nutrients. She also found that trees are smart enough to change their behaviour and have managed to adapt and survive in a changing environment.So it seems trees really are the stars of our natural world, and with around three trillion of them on our planet, it’s time to show them some respect if we want them to flourish.
:词汇表countryside 郊外,乡下lift one’s spirits 振奋精神tonic 使人精神振作的事情forest 森林healing properties 治疗功效oxygen 氧气carbon dioxide emissions 二氧化碳排放deforestation 毁林,大面积砍伐森林vegetation 植被,植物resources 资源fungal network 真菌网络tree root 树根bacteria 细菌fungi 真菌,真菌类植物hyphae 菌丝nutrient 养分,营养物Wood Wide Web “树联网”offspring 后代,产物seedling 幼苗kin 同族,亲戚flourish 茁壮成长
Q1:1、阅读课文并回答问题。
1) What can being surrounded by nature help us with?    ____________
2) How do trees help improve the air quality?    ____________
3) How do parent trees help their offspring to survive?    ____________
4)True or false? Trees talk to each other by using thousands of superfine threads of fungi under the ground.    ____________
5)Why do trees need to adapt if they want to survive?    ____________
:2、选择意思恰当的单词或词组来完成下列句子。
Q2:Watching the comedy film really _______ after a hard day at work.
lifting my spirits
lifted my spirits
lift my spirits
lifted my spirit
Q3:To survive in the modern world, the business has to _______ its working practices.
absorb
hyphae
adapt
resources
Q4:My brother and his _______ always come over for dinner on Sundays.
offsprung
offsprings
offsprang
offspring
Q5:None of the crops grew because there was a lack of _______ in the soil.
nutrients
bacteria
roots
seedlings
Q6:Australia’s Great Barrier Reef is one of the wonders of the _______.
nature world
natural worlds
naturing world
natural world
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