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阅读训练:与陌生人聊天

地铁上、马路上、电梯里的“低头族”,每个人似乎都沉浸在自己的精神世界,但是一点点主动的沟通,会让人生旅途更加不同。(文章内容选自BBC随身英语)
 
Talking to strangers 与陌生人聊天 词汇:mental health  心理健康】
:Talking to strangers‘It’s good to talk’, so some people say. When I commute into London, there are certainly plenty of people conversing on their mobile phones – sometimes too loudly – discussing and sharing personal details with a friend. For me, it’s strange that they talk as though the person is sitting next to them, when they don’t even acknowledge the person who is actually sitting beside them.Many of us spend part of each day surrounded by strangers, whether on our daily commute, or sitting in a park or a cafe. But most of them remain just that – strangers. However, new evidence has shown that plucking up the courage to strike up a conversation might be good for our health.Nicholas Epley from the University of Chicago and Juliana Schroeder from the University of California are behavioural scientists. They looked at this silent relationship and whether solitude is a more positive experience than interacting with strangers, or if people misunderstand the consequences of distant social connections. They found that many people feel uncomfortable and intimidated talking to others and their research suggested that when we make an initial conversation “we consistently underestimate how much a new person likes us.” It seems we carry a negative voice in our head telling us all the things that could go wrong and why someone wouldn’t want to converse with us.Their research involved an experiment with a group of Chicago commuters and found that “every participant in our experiment who actually tried to talk to a stranger found the person sitting next to them was happy to chat.” From this and other research, the conclusion is that connecting with strangers is surprisingly pleasant and it has a positive impact on our wellbeing. Gillian Sandstrom, a social psychologist from Essex University in the UK, told the BBC that “people are in a better mood after they reach out and have a conversation, however minimal.” It’s true that talking can make you feel happier and happiness can lead to better mental health.However, if you’re an introvert, the thought of speaking to someone new might make you anxious. But the American research found “both extroverts and introverts are happier when they are asked to behave in an extroverted manner.” So maybe, if you’re a loner, it’s time to come out of your shell and make some small talk with a stranger – it could be the beginning of a new friendship.
:词汇表converse 交谈,对话pluck up the courage 鼓起勇气strike up 开始(交谈)solitude 独处interact 交往,交流social connections 社会关系uncomfortable 不舒服的,难受的intimidated 发怵的,害怕的underestimate 低估negative voice (头脑里)负面的声音,消极的思想chat 聊天connect with 与……建立良好的关系wellbeing 健康mood 心情introvert 性格内向的人anxious 焦虑的extroverts 性格外向的人come out of your shell 变得不再自闭,融入外部世界(make) small talk 闲聊,寒暄
Q1:1、阅读课文并回答问题。
1) According to the article, how can talking to a stranger be better for our health?    ____________
2)Why might we not want to speak to a stranger?    ____________
3)True or false? Commuters in Chicago involved in a social experiment found that people they sat next to were willing to talk to them.    ____________
4) In another experiment, in what way did introverts behave that made them happier?    ____________
5)What could help start the beginning of a new friendship?    ____________
:2、选择意思恰当的单词或词组来完成下列句子。
Q2:Our train broke down and we were stuck on board for hours, so I decided to _______ a conversation with the other passengers.
interacting
connecting
strike up
small talk
Q3:We _______ how much it would cost to move house and now we’re broke!
underestimate
underestimated
underestimating
underestimates
Q4:When I started university, I was _______ by the clever and talented people I was surrounded by – but now most of them are my friends.
anxious
introverted
intimidated
negative voice
Q5:Our intern was quite nervous when he started but now he’s _______ and fits in really well.
come out of his shell
coming out of his shell
came out of his shell
shelled out
Q6:Dan is definitely an _______ - every time we go out, he’s the first to get up and sing at the karaoke bar!
introvert
negative voice
extrovert
mood
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